The dependent on Crude oil is gradually loosing his pace as Some vehicles are now running on Compressed Natural Gas(CNG) and they buy N95 per litre, Federal Govt will begin the free conversion of all vehicles in October to CNG in order to reduce costs. Nestle had switched from diesel [N230] to CNG [N95] to cut costs. About 5,600 vehicles have been converted so far!
I hope we can move forward to using electric cars soon so we don’t have to depend on crude oil again, looking forward to a Nigeria where electricity will be constant and affordable.
What is CNG
CNG is a compressed natural gas storage cylinders have a tare weight approximately 3x heavier than comparable capacity LPG cylinders.
LPG can be compressed into a liquid, increasing its energy density. The biggest difference between CNG and LPG cars is the fuel itself. CNG is methane and LPG is propane and/or butane.
CNG gas is compressed natural gas storage – methane. LPG is liquefied petroleum gas – propane.
CNG offers a 30% saving over diesel (in fuel costs alone). When incorporating the full lifecycle savings of operating gas generators instead of diesel generators, the saving is up to 100% of total energy costs. Moreover, the cost of gas is stable, whereas the diesel price fluctuates regularly.
Diesel pilferage is a problem in Nigeria – industry experts estimate that at least 20% of diesel is pilfered or adulterated in Nigeria. CNG on the other hand can only be stored in high-pressure skids – eliminating the risk of pilferage. Moreover, diesel tanks or a particulate treatment system is not required.
Natural gas can replace several types of solid, liquid, and gaseous fuels in industrial processes (from steel to paper production) and is the most cost effective fuel for power generation in Nigeria, boosting productivity and competitiveness.
Natural gas is the cleanest and quietest burning fossil fuel available, emitting significantly less carbon and nitrogen emissions than diesel – creating a safer and happier work environment.
CNG delivery is not constrained by access to pipeline infrastructure – CNG can be delivered directly to remote locations and stored on-site for continuous fuel supply.
Natural gas is the preferential energy source for power generation in Nigeria, currently generating about 70% of Nigeria´s electricity.
Many industrial companies are also switching to gas-fired generators.
Natural gas is used as a primary ingredient to manufacture fertiliser, plastics, petrochemicals & fabrics.
CNG Natural Gas for domestic use in Africa.
Natural gas, usually in the form of Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) is used as cooking fuel.
CNG Natural Gas for automotive fuel in Africa
Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) is used as a fuel source for cars and trucks.
Engines can easily
be retrofit to accommodate CNG, reducing vehicle running costs.
Natural gas is a much cleaner fuel than diesel or petrol – reducing the risk of damage and extending the life of industrial equipment. Gas generators also have long service intervals (up to 30,000 hours), reducing maintenance and aftermarket costs.
Despite holding the worlds ninth-largest proven gas reserves of over 187 trillion cubic feet, Nigeria imports billions of dollars worth of refined oil every year and still flares a large volume of natural gas. This is largely due to the inadequate national gas processing and pipeline facilities – the CNG solution is helping bridge this gap!
Moreover, The Nigerian CNG industry creates domestic employment opportunities, spurs economic growth, aids local manufacturing with cheaper electricity and reduces strain on foreign exchange reserves for US dollars.
CNG fuel storage tanks are stronger and safer than gasoline or diesel tanks, decreasing the likelihood of accidental release. Moreover, CNG disperses quickly into the air instead of on ground, reducing the risk of fire or ground contamination.
Natural Gas also has a higher ignition temperature (628 degrees Celsius) than diesel (210 degrees Celsius), significantly reducing the chance of accidental ignition.
Natural gas is directed through specialised gas filtration and treatment vessels to remove any impurities and ensure consistent gas quality.
The purified gas is then compressed into 100 times the volume of natural gas, enabling efficient transport of CNG to off-pipeline customers. The CNG is then distributed in high-pressure skids and de-compressed into natural gas at the customer site.